We find that, in the Services, shares are distributed to the
worshippers in five different ways, which may be called Worship-forms.
The Table on p. 21 should be carefully studied. Hooker's description
of them (E. P. v. xxxix. 1) is a little difficult to make out; but it
will be found to verify our table. (See Appendix A, pp. 22, 23.)
Walter Travers was Reader at the Temple Church in London, when (1585)
Richard Hooker was appointed to be Master of the Temple. Travers had
been a friend and favourite of Thomas Cartwright, a severe critic of
the Order and Discipline of the Church of England. Travers took up the
criticisms, and so attacked Hooker that the latter in self-defence
wrote his Books on The Laws of Ecclesiastical Polity (1592), wherein
he replies to Cartwright's and Travers' criticisms.
The Worship-forms have been in use for so long that it is scarcely
possible to discuss their origin. The traces of them in the Bible are
1. Amen. 1 Cor. xiv. 16; Rev. xxii. 20.
2. Responsorial or Interjectional. S. Luke ii. 13, 14.
3. Anthem. Exodus xv. 21; Isaiah vi. 3.
5. Preceded. Exodus xxiv. 7, xix. 7, 8, xx. 18-21.
The Prayer Book furnishes examples of Praise and Prayer in each Form,
excepting the Litany Form, which is used only for Prayer. But there is
no reason why that also should not be used for Praise: the 136th Psalm
will show how this might be done.