We find that, in the Services, shares are distributed to the

worshippers in five different ways, which may be called Worship-forms.

The Table on p. 21 should be carefully studied. Hooker's description

of them (E. P. v. xxxix. 1) is a little difficult to make out; but it

will be found to verify our table. (See Appendix A, pp. 22, 23.)

Walter Travers was Reader at the Temple Church in London, when (1585)
br />
Richard Hooker was appointed to be Master of the Temple. Travers had

been a friend and favourite of Thomas Cartwright, a severe critic of

the Order and Discipline of the Church of England. Travers took up the

criticisms, and so attacked Hooker that the latter in self-defence

wrote his Books on The Laws of Ecclesiastical Polity (1592), wherein

he replies to Cartwright's and Travers' criticisms.

The Worship-forms have been in use for so long that it is scarcely

possible to discuss their origin. The traces of them in the Bible are


1. Amen. 1 Cor. xiv. 16; Rev. xxii. 20.

2. Responsorial or Interjectional. S. Luke ii. 13, 14.

3. Anthem. Exodus xv. 21; Isaiah vi. 3.

4. Litany.

5. Preceded. Exodus xxiv. 7, xix. 7, 8, xx. 18-21.

The Prayer Book furnishes examples of Praise and Prayer in each Form,

excepting the Litany Form, which is used only for Prayer. But there is

no reason why that also should not be used for Praise: the 136th Psalm

will show how this might be done.